Original Research

Evaton and a quest for economic independence: A new dimension to entrepreneurship, 1940-1949

Vusumuzi Khumalo
New Contree | Vol 77 | a115 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/nc.v77i0.115 | © 2023 Vusumuzi Khumalo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 February 2023 | Published: 30 December 2016

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Vusumuzi Khumalo, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

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In South Africa, commercial activity such as entrepreneurship was one of the socio-economic institutions manipulated by the white government to develop and maintain an unequal society. The aim of this article is to locate African entrepreneurship within the wider theme of social, political and economic change that impacted on African economic independence in Evaton. Its main objective is to question whether the white government presented a favourable political environment for Africans to be economically independent in the 1940s. If so, what form of official support did they provide? If not, what type of policy measures were implemented by the government to discourage Africans from operating businesses? The article also examines how these policies met resistance from local traders.


Evaton; Economic independence; African; Entrepreneurship; Sharecroppers


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